Mawlamyine (formerly known as Moulmein), the capital city of Mon State, the fourth largest city in Myanmar, is situated 180 kilometers east of national’s capital across the Gulf of Mottama at the mouth of Than lwin river. Hpa an to Mawlamyine is 1 hour by car and 4 hour by boat along Than Lwin River. It has about a population of 400,000 people.
How to get there
There are regular express coach services to Mawlamyine from Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw and Mandalay. The trains from Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw are also accessible to Mawlamyine.
Reclining Buddha of Win Sein Taw Ya
Win Sein Taw Ya, the largest reclining Buddha image in the world, is situated about 20km south of Mawlamyine on the way to Mudon. The reclining Buddha is 180 meters in length and 30 meters in height.
Kyaik Than Lan Pagoda
Three famous pagodas adorn the Mawlamyine Ridge, with Kyaikthanlan being one of them. Erected in 875 A.D, this pagoda has a hair relic of Buddha, Tripitaka manuscripts and gold images of Buddha. Successive Kings raised the pagoda higher from 56 feet to the present 150 feet. A big bell with a medieval Mon inscription and also another bell with an inscription in English, dated 30th March 1885 can be seen on the platform .
Gaungsay Kyun (Shampoo Island)
Gaungsay Kyun in Myanmar means Shampoo Island. This beautiful little island of Mawlamyine north-western end is a good picnic spot. The island was named Shampoo Island (Head Wash Island) because the yearly royal hair washing ceremony during Inwa (Ava) period, used the water taken from a spring on the island. A short boat ride can take visitors to the island.
Kyikkami Yele Pagoda
Located 9 kms northeast of Thanbyuzayat, kaikkami was a small coastal resort and missionary center known as Amherst during the British era. Kyaikkami is Yele Paya, a metal-roofed Buddhist shrine complex perched over the sea and reached via a long two-level causeway. The tower level is submerged during high tide. Other attractions here are the colonial administrative buildings that are nearly 100 years old.
Death Railway Museum – Than Phyu Zayat
Than Phyu Zayat is 30 km south of Mawlamyine, it was the western terminus of the infamous “death railway” by the thousands of Allied prisoners of war. A kilometer west of the clock tower in the direction of Kyaikkami lies the Than Pyu Zayat War Cemetery, which contains 3,771 graves of Allied prisoners of war who died as building the railway. Most of those buried were British, and there are also makers for American, Dutch, and Australian soldiers. This Death Railway is 415 kilometre long between Bangkok, Thailand and Myanmar to support Japanese forces in the Myanmar campaign.
U Nar Auk Monastery
The monastery is donated by a Myanmar Well-Known Teak Merchant, U Na Oak. We used to learn about his patriotic battle in terms of inland water transport business against with Irrawaddy Flotilla Company in colonial times.
It is located 24 km southeast of Mawlamyine. The main Buddha image sits in the position of the legs hanging down as if sitting on a chair. Therefore, the temple is famous for the Buddha which is sitting in the “western manner” and it is also well known for its hundreds of beautiful glazed tiles.
Phaauk Meditation Center
Phauuk Meditation Center was established by monk U Kemar wut are in 1925. In 1997, meditation camps are opened in Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, U.S.A, South Korea, England, India and Germany. Foreign monks have come and strives to Buddha doctrine since 1990. This center is very famous for its Buddhist meditation technique.
First Baptist Church
This Church was founded by Reverend Admiration Judson, an American Baptist Missionary, who translated the Bible into Myanmar and compiled an English-Myanmar dictionary.